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44 POLLINATOR-FRIENDLY FLOWERS AND HERBS TO HELP SAVE THE BEES

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Creating a pollinator-friendly garden is a win for both you and nature. You create a habitat for the bees, which in turn pollinate your garden, which leads to delicious vegetables and better yields.

But what flowers are the best flowers to save the bees and other pollinators? I’ve researched and come up with a list of 44 annuals, perennials, and herbs you can grow in your backyard landscape to attract bees in your garden.

Tips for Creating a Garden to Attract Bees

I garden in Zone 3 on the Canadian Prairies, so my suggestions reflect what grows here. Because the list below is not exhaustive to all zones, here are a few general tips you can use to decide if a flower would encourage bees to your yard.

1. Use Organic Gardening Methods & Avoid Hybrids

Avoid using pesticides, herbicides, or insecticides as much as possible–even ones marketed as organic. They can contain ingredients that are harmful to pollinators.

Hybrid flowers are bred to have benefits to gardeners, but unfortunately, they often have less pollen and nectar which is bad news for bees. While I don’t think you should avoid all hybrids, maybe keep them to only a few favourites if you’re trying to attract bees.

2. Prioritize Native Flowers and Colourful Flowers

Native flowers have so many benefits to them, including being good for the bees. For ideas, go to your local library and pick up a book on plants native to your area or Google [your province or state] + native flowers for ideas. Some native flowers in my area that I like are Goldenrod and Asters.

Bees love colourful flowers! While all colours will work, bees prefer yellow, white, and blue/purple. While there are tons of flowers to choose from in these colours, I like Marigolds for yellow, Alyssum for white, and Bee Balm & Delphiniums in the blue/purple family.

3. choose Fragrant Flowers and Herbs

Fragrant flowers were meant to attract bees. Some of my favourites are Lily of the Valley, Citronella Geranium, and Lilacs. Herbs such as Chives, Mint, Sage, and Lavender are also good choices.

4. CHOSE Long-blooming Flowers 

Gardeners love long blooming flowers because they provide colour for more of the growing season. Bees love long blooming flowers because they provide a good food source for a longer amount of time. Try planting Yarrow, Rudbeckia, and Daisies.

5. CHOOSE Early-Blooming Spring Flowers 

Even though I’m personally not a fan of Dandelions, I’ll leave them all of May because they’re one of the few sources of food for bees in early spring. Try planting some early varieties of Tulips, Crocuses, and Daffodils.

6. Plant More Than One of Each Flower and Have Something Blooming in Every Season

While one bee-friendly plant is better than no bee-friendly plants, it’s better to have more than one of each type of flower you’re planting. Your landscape should also contain flowers that bloom in early spring, late fall, and everything in-between, so there’s always a food source for the bees.

7. Have a Variety of Shapes and Sizes

Different bees have different shapes and lengths of tongues. Therefore, you need a variety of flowers to make sure that your garden can benefit as many bees as possible.

THE BEST FLOWERS & HERBS TO ATTRACT BEES IN ZONE 3

1. Alyssum

Alyssum can also be grown as a cover crop between rows to help suppress weeds and add nutrients to the soil once it is worked in for the season.

2. Agastache

Agastache is a very drought-resistant perennial and provides height in the landscape.

3. Apple Trees (Or really any fruit tree)

Okay, so this one is sort of cheating. But to be fair, have you ever seen a fruit tree in bloom that didn’t have tons of bees buzzing around it? Yes, many fruit trees need bees to pollinate them, but not all. So plant those apple, cherry, plum, and Saskatoon berry trees (or any other flowering fruits) to encourage bees.

Related: 28 Hardy Fruit Trees for Zone 2 and Zone 3

4. Aster

There are many varieties of Asters to choose from, from the late summer blooming perennial to the kind used as bedding plants or grown from seed in a cut flower garden.

For more native plant ideas to incorporate into your garden, check out this post.

5. Bachelor’s Buttons

Kids of all ages love bachelor buttons. They’re easy to grow from seed and bees can’t get enough of them.

6. Bee Balm

It’s called Bee Balm–enough said.

7. Blanketflower

A stunningly beautiful native flower that’s also drought resistant. These are also great to plant in a spot that gets tons of heat.

8. Borage

Borage is an excellent companion flower in the garden and has medicinal purposes as well. In some climates, it can get invasive.

9. Butterfly Weed

Butterfly weed isn’t just for butterflies–bees love it too!

10. Calendula

Calendula is a workhorse in the garden. It’s easy to grow from seed, loved by pollinators, is a good companion plant for vegetables, and can be used as an ingredient is soaps and diy beauty products.

Related: 14 Companion Plants for the Vegetable Garden

11. Catmint

You might plant catmint for the bees, but your cats will enjoy it as well. I once planted catmint, but there were so many neighbourhood cats that got into it that it didn’t stand a chance and died shortly after.

12. Celosia

Celosia is a striking and more unusual addition to your flowerpots. You can also start it from seed as a cut flower.

13. Clover

Clover is an excellent cover crop and can be used as an alternative to grass on a lawn.

14. Cosmos

Cosmos are an easy cut and come again flower that you can start from seed. They look beautiful in the garden and as part of floral arrangements.

15. cranesbill geranium

Not to be confused with the ones used as bedding plants! Cranesbill Geraniums are perennials.

16. Crocus

Crocuses are a welcome early-blooming flower and one of the first food sources for bees in the spring.

RELATED: The Best Secret Spots to Find Crocuses in Saskatchewan

17. Chives

A garden isn’t complete without perennial chives. I adore their purple blooms and use fresh chives in my cooking all season long. Here’s a simple chive soup that I like to make.

18. Echinacea

Echinacea is drought resistant and a lovely native plant to use in both the garden and in landscaping.

Related: 5 Benefits to Landscaping with Native Flowers

19. Foxglove

Foxgloves are a gorgeous addition to the garden, but not a good choice if you have children or pets. Every part of the plant is poisonous and can be fatal if ingested.

20. Goldenrod

This late summer to fall bloomer is a native plant that is drought tolerant and perfect in cut flower arrangements.

21. Heliotrope

Heliotropes are very fragrant with a smell that both bees and humans find irresistible.

22. Lavender

Lavender is another fragrant choice. The flowers can be used in soaps or as a flavour in drinks and desserts. If you live in Zone 3 like I do, Lavender can be extremely difficult to grow and won’t overwinter.

23. Liatris

Blazing Star Liatris is an easy-to-grow, drought-resistant and deer-resistant perennial. A must in any landscape!

Related: How to Design a Low-Maintenance Flower Bed

24. Lupin

Lupins are a gorgeous choice in the garden, but also dangerous for kids and pets.

25. Marigolds

Marigolds are easy to start from seed and are a good companion plant in the vegetable garden. I love the taller cut flower varieties like Mary Hellen and Crackerjack.

26. Mint

Every garden needs a mint plant, but keep it in a pot, as it is highly invasive.

Related: 28 Perennials You’ll Regret Planting

27. Oregano

Another herb that is loved by both bees and humans.

28. Nasturtium

Nasturtiums are edible flowers with a peppery taste, and their seeds are easy to collect and grow.

29. Pansy

A beautiful and very hardy bedding plant. Pansies often survive a light frost or two.

30. Peony

Planting a Peony bush? Just make sure you keep it farther away from the house so ants aren’t encouraged to come through your doors. Learn more about growing peonies here.

31. Phlox

Phlox makes a good ground cover in a rock garden and can be grown underneath a tree if there is enough light.

32. Poppies

Poppies are another easy-to-grow flower that often re-seed themselves.

RELATED: HOW TO GROW POPPIES IN ZONE 3

33. Rosemary

We love Rosemary for its deliciousness in cooking. Bees love Rosemary for the little blue-ish flowers.

Related: How to Dry Herbs so They Still Taste Good!

34. Roses

Roses can be tricky to grow in Zone 3. Stick to the Morden series of Roses for the best success. Tea Roses or anything fancy will not survive our winters.

35. Rudbeckia

A staple perennial of the late summer garden.

36. Sage

Sage has a lovely smell and is also a beautiful filler piece for flower arrangements.

37. Salvia

Their spiky flowers are pollinator magnets and succeed in part to full sun.

RELATED: 27 ANNUALS AND PERENNIALS THAT SURVIVE & THRIVE IN INTENSE HEAT

38. Scabiosa

The unusual blooms of Scabiosa make a statement in the garden.

39. Snowdrops

Plant Snowdrops underneath a tree or in the shade by your house for best results.

40. Sedum

There are so many types of Sedum to choose from. To keep it bee-friendly, choose flowering varieties like Autumn Joy.

41. Sunflowers

Sunflowers are nice to plant with kids around. Compare their height to the flowers for a fun game!

42. Thyme

Bees love the delicate purple flowers and you’ll love the fresh taste in your cooking.

Related: How to Grow a Mini Outdoor Herb Garden

43. Yarrow

I personally adore Yarrow because it is a perennial with a long bloom time, it works well in flower arrangements, and it’s drought-tolerant.

44. Zinnia

Every garden needs some cheerful zinnias! Zinnias are good companion flowers and cut flowers.

Feeling inspired to add a few bee-friendly favourites to your garden? Which ones will you add?

Find me on FacebookTikTok, and Instagram for more cold-climate gardening tips, delicious recipes, and cut flower goodness! I also make weekly videos over on my YouTube channel. I hope to see you there!

P.S. If you love the content I create for Shifting Roots, consider joining our community on Patreon. Your support means the world to me and I am grateful for each and every one of you!


WANT TO CREATE A PERENNIAL GARDEN THAT BLOOMS FROM SPRING TO FALL?

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Kristen Raney

Kristen Raney

Kristen is a former farm kid turned urban gardener who owns the popular gardening website, Shifting Roots.  She is obsessed with growing flowers and pushing the limits of what can be grown in her zone 3b garden.  She also loves to grow tomatoes, but oddly enough, dislikes eating them raw.

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Kristen

Welcome!

Hi, I'm Kristen and I help new gardeners learn to grow their own vegetables and beautify their yards. I also share recipes that use all that delicious garden produce. Grab a coffee (and your gardening gloves) and join me for gardening tips, simple recipes, and the occasional DIY, all from the lovely city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

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